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Rainforest plants potential cure for Neurodisease
hellspawn1
Posted: Monday, September 8, 2014 7:00 AM
Joined: 9/8/2014
Posts: 6


Ayahuasca – Ethnobotanical medicine for potential treatment of ALS

By Daniel Gustafsson

 

This article is the culmination of six years work, having studied ethnobotanical medicine and the field of neurodisease, making connections between the two in the search for something viable in terms of an alternative treatment option for ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) and similar neurodegenerative conditions.

In south and central america, the native people within many tribes living along the amazon river have a long historical tradition of making and consuming a natural medicine/tea called ayahuasca. It is harvested and prepared mainly from the the bark from a wild growing vine, it’s latin name being Banisteriopsis Caapi. Often, but not always, leaves from trees named Chacruna or Chaliponga (Psychotria Viridis and Diplopterys Cabrerana) are added to the tea.

 

Caapi vine growing in the Amazon  jungle.

 

The rainforests of the earth are known to be an enormous resource and a necessity for upholding the ecosystem of the planet. It is estimated that a very great number of undiscovered plants of medicinal value, are yet to be explored within these forests. Many conventional pharmaceutical medicines originate from substances found in rainforest plants, or their synthesized variants. Ethnopharmacologists have long been aware that there is vast support for the medicinal value of ayahuasca in its use against a number of diseases, but until recently this has been limited to individual claims. Even if a great number of very in-depth and credible personal stories have been available, serious studies have been missing.

 

This, however, has come to change the last few years. Natural substances extracted from the ayahuasca plants have been found to possess unique restorative and strongly antioxidative properties on specific nerve cells in the brain and central nervous system – controlling neurotransmission, muscle/motor activity, memory and coordination. This gives probable cause to the theory that ayahuasca could be an effective treatment for neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease. Promising results as of date has also been obtained from studying the substance psilocybin, very closely related to the substances found in ayahuasca, naturally occuring in certain species of medicinal mushrooms consumed by the indigenous people where ayahuasca is also used.

 

According to Dr. Juan Ramos, head of the neurological disease department at the South Florida university, USA, initial studies show that these substances stimulate the development of new cells in the areas of the brain controlling the above mentioned functions. If this could prove to be an eventual cure through complete restoration of damaged or destroyed cells remains to be seen, but initial results indicate this could potentially be the case. There is also a growing interest in exploring the cell regenerative properites of these plants within the spinal chord injury support communities. Should people with this background eventually try and find the results of this treatment useful, medical science would be bound to take note. Cancer researchers have also shown interest in B. Caapi, as its different alkaloids has shown to be effective against the growth of cancer cells.

 

Eduardo E. Schenberg, Federal University of Sao Paulo:

 

”There are enough available evidence that the active substances in ayahuasca, especially dimethyltryptamine and harmine, has the positive effect of preventing cancer cells in cultures used for cancer research, and that these substances affect the biochemical processes that are crucial to the treatment of cancer in-vitro as well as in-vivo. The reports available about people with experience from ayahuasca in the treatment of cancer should be taken seriously. The hypothesis is that the combination of (beta-carboline) alkaloids and dimethyltryptamine present in ayahuasca blocks the transportation of nutrients to tumours, lessens the dividing process of cancer cells, and changes the unbalanced mutation-causing metabolism in cancer cells.”


What has previously been somewhat controversial about ayahuasca, is that the plants in question used to be thought of simply as hallucinogens by western science. In other words, these medicinal plants of great importance, were neglected by the scientific community and thought of simply as if they were natural drugs. A more correct term for these plants, with respect to the indigenous culture in which ayahuasca is a part of, would be ”entheogens” – which means plants used in a context sacred to the native people, inducing spiritual experiences. In several countries, such as Peru, ayahuasca is fully legal and accepted as a complement to conventional medicine, and these last 10 years, western countries has to an increasing degree changed their former unfounded and faulty attitude towards entheogens such as ayahuasca, as more and more studies of entheogenic plants have been completed with positive outcome.

 

Along with several other similar harmala-alkaloids that can be found in B. Caapi, harmaline is a mono amino oxidase inhibitor. Mono amino oxidase (MAO) is an enzyme in the body that breaks down signal substances (such as serotonin). The inhibition of MAO allows the signal substance to remain in the synapse for a longer period of time. Many anti-depressants work in a similar way, as they stimulate receptors in a targeted area. However, the alkaloids present in ayahuasca should not be compared to antidepressants, as they are not the same though they both have the ability to affect the same receptors. A comparison is that Caapi alkaloids and antidepressants have the same type of delivery system, but different contents. The biochemical properties of plants used in ayahuasca, and the effects they cause on a multitude of bodily functions remain unique to these plants alone.

 

Ayahuasca in itself is proven to be unharmful, as its compounds are non-toxic, though temporary side effects such as nausea and vertigo are common. However, combining certain medical drugs with MAO-inhibitors (such as the ones found in ayahuasca) is very dangerous, even lethal in some cases. This means that in order to safely consume ayahuasca, one must not combine it with any contraindicated medicinal drugs. The more or less uncomfortable side effects from ayahuasca, are greatly dose-dependent, and a smaller amount consumed for medicinal purpose can thus mean few, if any, side effects experienced.

 

When searching for information about ayahuasca, a few negative articles can be found, emotionally angled (understandably so), since they tell stories of unfortunate tourists who on their own, or having been duped into doing so, drink something entirely else than ayahuasca – for instance the toxic plant datura – with serious outcome to their health (including death in a few known cases). This leads to fear and misinformation, and is not only tragic for the diseased and their families, but also for the natural medicine community that is trying to promote the safe and responsible use of natural medicine for health benefits, and treatment of diseases that regular medical care fails to provide options for. Sensationalistic headlines making unfounded claims, written by people without any knowledge about ethnobotanical medicine, will definitely not help neither ALS patients or others seeking viable treatment options for their condition. In several countries, including Peru, Brazil and Costa Rica, established retreats offer ayahuasca treatment where the right plants are harvested (sometimes even organically grown on the property) and prepared by experienced botanists.

 

B. Caapi growth stages.

 

One of the earliest studies on B. Caapi was done in the 1920’s, and involved patients with Parkinsons’s disease. The patients experienced great symptom relief in early trials, but unfortunately the research was discontinued due to lack of profit potential – as substances already present in natural plants could not be applicable for any patent useful to pharma companies.

 

Ayahuasca as an alternative therapy is likely to gain further attention in coming years, but is already well established. Should the discoveries eventually lead to a therapeutic pharmaceutical drug, derived from these plants, to be produced, it lies many years ahead from now. The process from studies, through trials, to eventual launch of an approved drug made for use in the medical care system, is slow due to obvious reasons. The real interesting fact is that ayahuasca in its natural form is something that is available now, today, for those who live with a diagnose lacking options for other treatment. For those who want and can partake in alternative treatment using ayahuasca, there is, while not in any way guaranteed, the real possibility for improvement. As in many other cases, the invidual results will vary, and there should be an emphasis on not overly stirring people’s hope up when questions and work remain. There is also the importance of emphasizing and thereby minimizing the risks involved concerning contraindicative medications. But while studies are ongoing, this information should be worth the attention of  anyone suffering from a debilitating progressive disease such as ALS.

 

My personal connection to this, was the passing of a close friends’ mother due to ALS a few years ago. The course of her disease was rapid, and unfortunately several of the now available studies, had not yet been published at the time. This led me into investigating the connection between any available natural medicine and the treatment of neurological disease.

 

B. Caapi is legal to use much in the same way as other known herbal remedies, such as Ginkgo Biloba and Ginseng. However, just like with these potent natural supplements, it is up to the consumer to use and combine these in an informed and responsible way. Natural medicines should always be treated with respect, just like conventional medicinal drugs.

 

The substance known as dimethyltryptamine, found in plants traditionally added to ayahuasca, is however regulated by law in some countries as a scheduled substance. (Questionably so, due to its medicinal value in multiple areas). It is these secondary added plants and this particular substance that induces an altered state of consciousness, a many times misunderstood and stigmatized phenomenon. A description of this altered state is that it is dreamlike, that it stimulates memory and the ability to think abstract, and that it has self-therapeutic qualities. Even though dimethyltryptamine is naturally occuring in the human body, thought to be produced by the pineal gland in the brain during the dream phases of sleep, it remains an illegal substance in some western countries since the 1960’s, when lawmakers prematurely criminalized many substances suspected of having any effect on the mind, including natural ones, due to the widespread moral panic at the time – regardless of the fact that many of them, including dimethyltryptamine, has never been proven unhealthy in any way, and has in fact been used by indigenous people to successfully treat disease for centuries. Although, several european countries has redefined their policy regarding many formerly frowned upon medicinal plants in recent years, much due to an increasing awareness and access to new and unbiased information regarding these plants, as well as up-to-date research. In Scandinavia, Sami native Urbi Svonni from Sapmi, Sweden, was recently aquitted from all charges in the court of law, for having brought Peruvian medicinal cactus into the country. The court established that natural plant material cannot be defined as a scheduled substance, and that the therapeutic work Svonni was doing, which included Echinopsis Pachanoi cactus, was indeed not a criminal act, but served the purpose to help and heal people. Another similar case with the same outcome involved ayahuasca additive plants. Cacti from the Echinopsis and Lophophora species are known for their soothing and restorative effects on the central nervous system, and are used as such in ethnobotanical medicine.

 

To be precise, the definition of Ayahuasca is any tea made from either the plant Banisteriopsis Caapi alone, or from B. Caapi + additional plants containing dimethyltryptamine. A tea made from B. Caapi alone does not have what is sometimes referred to as ”visionary” qualities, as it is only the addition of dimethyltryptamine from the additive plants discussed, or actually the combination from the mao-inhibiting alkaloids in B. Caapi together with dimethyltryptamine-containing plants that induces a state of mind formerly mislabeled ”hallucinogenic”. It needs to be clarified though, that this word brings up negative associations in many people, and is thus feared and misunderstood. Unlike what some people tend to think, one does not hallucinate things appearing out of thin air after having consumed ayahuasca, but rather there are sequences of inner dreamlike visions taking place while resting, while still awake and fully conscious, provided a significant amount of tea has been consumed. It is actually quite undramatic, aside from the side effect of vomiting which does affect many people.

 

And herein lies the essence that is many times misunderstood: One does not have to take a great amount of ayahuasca for experiencing strictly its medicinal effects – without the abstractions and visionary effects some people are wary of. (Or the nausea/vomiting for that matter). Also, several of the medicinal health benefits can be obtained by using B. Caapi alone – without any additive plants, thereby ensuring no peculiar visionary effects experienced at all, should this be desired. It should be noted though, that the synergistic effect between the two plants used simultaneously will bring the best medicinal and bodily response. Exaggerations regarding ayahuasca is what made these medicinal plants overlooked for many years in the west to begin with, but its reputation has been steadily revised as more people with experience from these plants in a medicinal context have come forward, claiming the true medicinal value of ayahuasca relevant to medical conditions of different types – the field of neurological disease being the latest. Ayahuasca has already been effectively used for symptom relief from Multiple Sclerosis, by a growing number of people in Europe since at least 2006. ALS, Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease all share a lot of common ground, being that they all involve nerve cell degeneration of some kind. It is thus likely that any type of natural broad spectrum medicine able to affect the process of nerve cell recreation, and that also has substantially antioxidative properties, could prevent and slow the progression of neurological disease in general.

 

 Whatever wild or strange stories about ayahuasca that may occasionally be found circulating, they stem mostly from people who went to live with native tribes during the late 80’s and early 90’s, taking part in traditional ceremonial use of ayahuasca – consuming exceptionally generous or concentrated amounts of the medicine, enfolding themselves in deep cleansing experiences not necessarily easily endured. This medicine, like any other, should most definitely be well respected, but not subjected to exaggeration or downright misrepresentation – causing people to dismiss what they are simply uneducated about. The vivid and fascinating visions induced by strong tea often seem to have a theme rooted in nature, as depicted quite beautifully by Peruvian artist Pablo Amaringo (1938-2009). They arise from the simple fact that the alkaloids and tryptamines dissolved in the tea, combine to affect receptors that in turn stimulate the processing of memory relating to images and words – noticeably of relevance to Alzheimer’s research.

 

Ayahuasca is proven to be non-addictive, and is even used to aid people in breaking their drug dependencies, as ayahuasca has a detoxifying and documented effect of ridding the user of drugrelated abstinence issues.

 

The MAO-inhibition does, among other things, ensure that the uptake of dimethyltryptamine can occur in the body, as it is otherwise (without MAO-inhibition) broken down in the stomach, unable to cause any effect. Dimethyltryptamine is molecularly near identical with the above mentioned psilocybin in dr. Ramos research. It is theorized that the unique combination of various harmala-alkaloids from B. Caapi, and dimethyltryptamine from additional plant sources used in ayahuasca, work on a cellular level to repair and restore nerve cells, stimulate and enhance motor neuron transmission, and to protect nerve cells and other cells from degenerative damage. This is without doubt valuable from both a neuromedical standpoint, as well as from a cancer research perspective.

 

(Above image): Ayahuasca plants as packaged and sold in health food stores, Peru. Note the attached traceable source information and datemark. Various strains of this particular vine are available, each having a slightly different, but similar alkaloid profile.

 

As the non regulated B. Caapi alone has proven to have very positive abilities, potentially effective against neuro and cancer diseases, it is thus something real that may be a valuable alternative treatment option. For someone who experiences positive results to whatever degree, but does not live in a state or country where the use of plants containing dimethyltryptamine is permitted, there is then the possibility to travel to one of the many countries (or states) which by law allows the use of added secondary plants with their combined medicinal properties for evalution of full ayahuasca treatment. In Europe, Spain is one of several countries where ayahuasca is becoming established as an alternative therapy, and Spain is also the chosen location for an international conference 2014, where ethnopharmacologists, psychologists and researchers from all over the world gather around the topics of ayahuasca and other entheogens.

 

Among others, Ede Frecska, M.D., Ph.D, University of Debrecen, lectures on the possibilities of recreating braincells and regulating the immune defense system through this plant-based medicine and others. This event is held by ICEERS – International Center for Ethnobotanical Education Research and Service, and can be followed at:

 

 http://www.aya2014.com/en/confirmed-speakers-2/

  

Furthermore, besides their ability to aid and enhance the process of nerve cellular repair and the protection against cell oxidation, many of these entheogenic plants (and fungi), including ayahuasca, do possess psychotherapeutical qualities as well. Coping with degenerative illness is obviously stressful to patients, and a great deal of emotional relief, personal insight, and ability to better cope with one’s personal situation is achievable through the single or repeated experience of entheogenic medicinal plants/mushrooms in a comfortable and supportive environment, according to renowned John Hopkin’s medical university.

 

 The fact that many of these medicinal plants are becoming revived as they recieve scientific approval, is great news in many ways. Sustainability and environmental issues comes to mind, and so far the outlook is positive. Many organic farms have developed in south and central america, cultivating ayahuasca plants for both local use and for export, providing work and income for people in rural areas otherwise struggling with poverty. This also serves as a way for many locals to reconnect with their cultural past, as ayahuasca is declared a national heritage in Peru among other places.

 

(Above photo): Sustainable ayahuasca plantation, Brazil. These Chacruna trees take several years before reaching their mature height of 2-3 meters.

 

It used to be that this formerly unknown plant medicine was completely overlooked, but as we have begun to understand its potential, neglect has been replaced with knowledge, and the scientific groundwork on this matter is becoming firm. People should not be led into thinking this is some kind of natural miracle cure, but if anything it could provide a longterm aid in the restorement of body and mind function in people with certain neurological conditions. Together as a community we can all help to inform people in an unbiased, ethical and safe way about any viable alternative treatment options.

 

There is currently an ongoing community-based international Pilot Project involving people diagnosed with ALS, and the use and evaluation of this plant medicine, the gathering of results being processed at this point.

  

 Ayahuasca has been used for a very long time historically, and only recently for treatment of the conditions brought up in this article. Any substantial improvement would be likely to reveal itself long-term at first. Initial updates from people taking part in the ALS pilot project report a few things in common; the feeling of a somewhat wider range of movement, tension relief in muscles and slightly improved grip in affected limbs, though it should be noted that none of these had lost all of their muscle control prior to treatment, and that whether or not this effect will prove to be permanent is not known at this moment. Only time will tell what can, or cannot be achieved from this treatment.

In due time, ayahuasca and other entheogens can and will gain the credibility and amends they truly deserve, and bring new possibilities to many out there living with diseases that lack conventional options for treatment. Meanwhile, these medicinal plants remain available for the personal evaluation of the individual who chooses to explore the option. In relation to the medical conditions brought up in this article, these plants may have the future role as a powerful tool for the reversal of the progression of ALS and related diseases. Hopefully, you found this information interesting. Share it, should you find it an important topic.

 

 References:

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2828149/pdf/nihms156585.pdf

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2828149/

  

(Ayahuasca and neurological disease)

 

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0019264

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110526131244.htm

  

(Ayahuasca harmala-alkaloids and Alzheimer’s disease study)

 

http://www.sram.org/media/documents/uploads/article_pdfs/5-3-01-Serrano-Duenas.pdf

  

(B. Caapi and Parkinson’s disease)

 

http://www.stichtingopen.nl/en/component/content/article/research/study-shows-no-e...

  

(Study proving ayahuasca safe from a health point of view, and to not have any longterm side effects)

 

http://smo.sagepub.com/content/1/2050312113508389.full

  

(Ayahuasca cancer research)

http://health.usf.edu/medicine/neurology/faculty/sanchez_ramos.htm

  

(Dr. Juan Ramos profile)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=eV3l1YIpdik

  

(Psilocybin brain research)

 

http://www.plosone.org/article/infooi/10.1371/journal.pone.0042421

  

(Study proving regular intake of ayahuasca leading to increased longterm wellbeing and general mental health)

 

http://iceers.org

  

(ICEERS – International center for ethnobotanical education research and service)

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23627784

http://bitnest.ca/external.php?id=%257DbxUgY%255CC%2540%251BD%252A%253A-D%251BU%25...

  

(Canadian studies of ayahuasca as treatment for drug/alcohol abuse)

 

http://www.heffter.org/research-jhus.htm

  

(John Hopkin’s university studies on the the therapeutical benefits of psilocybin medicinal mushrooms)

  

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6682439

  

(Echinopsis and Lophophora cactus central nervous system study)

 


Lane Simonian
Posted: Monday, September 8, 2014 10:17 AM
Joined: 12/12/2011
Posts: 5001


Thank you so much for sharing your research with us.  This is one of the best articles that I have read--so clearly written and based on such good research. The key element in most neurodegenerative diseases is indeed oxidation and several plant compounds are among the most powerful antioxidants. 


 

I am sorry for the loss of your close friend's mother to ALS.  


hellspawn1
Posted: Tuesday, September 9, 2014 5:50 AM
Joined: 9/8/2014
Posts: 6


Lane Simonian wrote:

Thank you so much for sharing your research with us.  This is one of the best articles that I have read--so clearly written and based on such good research. The key element in most neurodegenerative diseases is indeed oxidation and several plant compounds are among the most powerful antioxidants. 


 

I am sorry for the loss of your close friend's mother to ALS.  

 

 

Thank you for your kind words. Positive feedback is always great motivation for my work, and I will try my best to keep people updated. There is already a community project developing, involving individuals with different neurological conditions and the use of relevant natural medicinal plants - for evaluation and eventual publication, with the intention of informing people of a viable alternative treatment option and to bring incentive for further studies to be made. Meanwhile, you can help by sharing the article on social media of your preference, and be sure to subscribe to recieve news on further development at:

 

 http://ayahuascatreatment.wordpress.com



Lane Simonian
Posted: Tuesday, September 9, 2014 10:05 AM
Joined: 12/12/2011
Posts: 5001


I am pleased that you and others are able to move forward with this work. Any updates that you can provide here will be greatly appreciated, and I will keep up with your research and results.  
Serenoa
Posted: Tuesday, September 9, 2014 5:49 PM
Joined: 4/24/2012
Posts: 484


Thanks for the article hellspawn. Very informative and accurate. I agree that there is a lot of potential for these traditional medicines. I am a botanist in central Florida and we have two species in the same genus as Chacruna growing naturally here, Psychotria nervosa and P. sulznerii. We call them "wild coffee" because they resemble coffee, and they are in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. And, coffee has been shown to be beneficial in Alzheimer's. I love to share the story of Ayahuasca when leading a plant walk.
Myriam
Posted: Wednesday, September 10, 2014 12:56 PM
Joined: 12/6/2011
Posts: 3326


Serenoa, isn't Ayahuasca a hallucinogen? Three years ago, I took a trip to Peru with a small group of like minded (spiritual seekers) and went into the Amazon jungle for a week to meet with a shaman and healer.  It was an amazing trip!!!!  When the time came in a ceremony to drink Ayahuasca, my instincts told me not to take it, but it was amazing to hear the experiences of the others.
hellspawn1
Posted: Thursday, September 11, 2014 2:44 AM
Joined: 9/8/2014
Posts: 6


Myriam wrote:
Serenoa, isn't Ayahuasca a hallucinogen? Three years ago, I took a trip to Peru with a small group of like minded (spiritual seekers) and went into the Amazon jungle for a week to meet with a shaman and healer.  It was an amazing trip!!!!  When the time came in a ceremony to drink Ayahuasca, my instincts told me not to take it, but it was amazing to hear the experiences of the others.  

To be precise, the definition of Ayahuasca is any brew made from either the plant Banisteriopsis Caapi alone, or from B. Caapi + additional plants containing dimethyltryptamine discussed in the article. A brew made from B. Caapi alone does not have hallucinogenic qualities, as it is only the addition of dimethyltryptamine from the additive plants discussed in the article, or actually the combination from the mao-inhibiting alkaloids in B. Caapi together with dimethyltryptamine-containing plants that induces a state of mind sometimes mislabeled "hallucinogenic".

 

  It needs to be emphasized though, that this word brings up negative associations in many people, and is thus feared. Unlike what some people think, one does not hallucinate things appearing out of thin air after having consumed ayahuasca, but rather there are sequences of inner dreamlike visions taking place, while resting, still being conscious - provided a significant amount of brew has been consumed. It is actually quite undramatic, aside from the side effect of vomiting which does affect many people.

 

 And herein lies the essence that is many times misunderstood: One does not have to take a great amount of ayahuasca for experiencing strictly its medicinal effects - without the abstractions and visionary effects some people are wary of. (Or the nausea/vomiting for that matter). Also, several of the medicinal health benefits can be obtained by using B. Caapi alone - without any additive plants, thereby ensuring no peculiar visionary effects experienced at all.

 

Exaggerations regarding ayahuasca is what made these medicinal plants overlooked for many years in the west to begin with, but its reputation is now slowly being revised as more people with experience from these plants in a medicinal context are coming forward, claiming their true medicinal value relevant to medical conditions of different kinds - the field of neurological disease being the latest. I have great respect for the spiritual aspect of things, in those who are inclined to that particular type of worldview, and I also have the greatest respect for the indigenous culture in which ayahuasca is incorporated.

 

What is unfortunate though, is that sometimes people automatically will dismiss a subject by judging it prematurely. Therefore, I have tried to the best of my ability to focus on the scientific and medicinal aspects of these plants, thereby making knowledge available that may be of importance to people in need of alternative treatment options.



Serenoa
Posted: Thursday, September 11, 2014 4:40 AM
Joined: 4/24/2012
Posts: 484


Great information, and well stated. I have a much better understanding of Ayahuasca now. So true about the negative prospective that we tend to automatically assign to these indigenous medicines. Also true that we tend to disregard the native plants of our own regions thinking that the only useful herbs/plants are the ones brought from Europe or found in some far-off exotic location. The indigenous cultures of Florida had access to Psychotria (Chacruna) but I don't see anything in the same family as Banisteriopsis, except in South FL and they are not native here. It just makes me wonder if the indigenous cultures that were here had an MAO inhibitor to combine with the DMT-containing Wild Coffee.

 

Another good example is Ilex vomitoria (Youpon Holly). Related to Yerba Mate of South America, it contains caffine and make a great tea. It was used by most all of the southeastern tribes of North America as a tea but now is little known for that use and only made reference to for its historical use in making the Black Drink.


hellspawn1
Posted: Friday, September 12, 2014 3:16 AM
Joined: 9/8/2014
Posts: 6


Serenoa 

 

 Thank you. Your question as to wether the local natives could possibly have combined an unknown mao-inhibiting plant with wild coffee, is indeed interesting. There is actually a great abundance of wild-growing plants containing dimethyltryptamine in nature, in locations all over the world - including the northern hemisphere. Many of whom are not known to be used for ayahuasca purposes, but could easily fit the purpose. There are also several other plants aside from Caapi, with the known ability to inhibit MAO. It is only likely to assume that all prior use of these many plants, and their many possible combinations, has not yet been documented.

Most rainforest plants grow very well in a garden when cultivated in the climate of Florida, and B. Caapi is no exception. Many people also grow Chacruna and its different relatives, indoors year-round. Various Ilex-species are among many of the plants added to ayahuasca by tribal people. Another one of interest is Uncaria Tomentosa - commonly known as Cat's claw. Also a common addition to ayahuasca, its medicinal benefits quite well researched and established. The rainforest is literally a medicine cabinet, of which we have only scraped the surface of.

 

The fact that many of these ancient medicinal plants are now becoming revived as they recieve scientific approval, is great news in many ways. Sustainability comes to mind, and so far it's looking good. Many organic farms has sprung up in south and central america, cultivating ayahuasca plants for both local use and for export, providing work and income for people in rural areas otherwise struggling with poverty. This also serves as a way for many locals to reconnect with their cultural past, as ayahuasca is declared a national heritage in Peru among other places.


alz+
Posted: Sunday, September 14, 2014 5:49 PM
Joined: 9/12/2013
Posts: 3608


http://www.quantumconsciousness.org/upsidedown.htm

 

an article about magic mushrooms...I experimented with peyote when lived in Arizona as a young hippie. One time in particular I sat in my yard under and apple tree and felt love energy for hours. Because psychonauts have experienced altered states of consciousness, maybe our walk through ALZ is more another state of consciousness and less a tragic ending of Self.

 

Interesting though...


hellspawn1
Posted: Thursday, September 18, 2014 1:08 AM
Joined: 9/8/2014
Posts: 6


alz+ wrote:

http://www.quantumconsciousness.org/upsidedown.htm 

  

an article about magic mushrooms...I experimented with peyote when lived in Arizona as a young hippie. One time in particular I sat in my yard under and apple tree and felt love energy for hours. Because psychonauts have experienced altered states of consciousness, maybe our walk through ALZ is more another state of consciousness and less a tragic ending of Self. 

  

Interesting though... 

Yes, many of these entheogenic plants (and fungi) do possess therapeutical qualities as well, besides their likely abilities to aid and enhance the process of cellular repair and the protection against oxidation. Coping with degenerative illness is obviously stressful to patients, and a great deal of emotional relief  is achievable through the single or repeated experience of entheogenic medicinal plants in a safe and supportive environment, according to renowned John Hopkin's university among others:

 

http://www.heffter.org/research-jhus.htm



hellspawn1
Posted: Tuesday, September 23, 2014 4:51 AM
Joined: 9/8/2014
Posts: 6


UPDATE: 

Natural ALS Treatment Pilot Project

 

Natural ALS treatment trial in progress – Current number of participants: 4 (Sweden, United States, Brazil)

Based on the strong response to my original article, discussions has led to the launch of a pilot project in order to create the incentive necessary for researchers to fully investigate the potential of ayahuasca plants for treatment of ALS and neurological diseases in general. It will also serve the purpose of informing people about medicinal use of ayahuasca, as an alternative treatment option for the reversal of the progression of ALS and related diseases.

Many concerned people have been contacting me, asking why further studies on the specific subject matter are not being conducted at this point. The answer being the general absence of awareness regarding the medicinal value of these potent plants and their possible role in the future treatment of ALS and other neurological diseases. With individuals representing a community of people coming forward to present their experiences from using these medicinal plants, in the context of alternative treatment, the documented results will hopefully provide the cause for thorough scientific evaluation to be made.

 

For more information:

 

Natural ALS Treatment Pilot Project 

 

There is also an updated an expanded version of the original article available by following the above links.