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Marijuana, Peroxynitrite, Eastern Asian Herbs
Lane Simonian
Posted: Monday, February 14, 2022 9:50 AM
Joined: 12/12/2011
Posts: 5140


There are threads on all of these, but I combined these recent series of studies all in one place (marijuana compounds and compounds in many East Asian herbs are peroxynitrite scavengers):

ACTIVE INGREDIENT IN CANNABIS PROTECTS AGING BRAIN CELLS

Salk researchers find cannabinol preserves mitochondrial function and prevents oxidative damage to cells

Decades of research on medical cannabis has focused on the compounds THC and CBD in clinical applications. But less is known about the therapeutic properties of cannabinol (CBN). Now, a new study by Salk scientists shows how CBN can protect nerve cells from oxidative damage, a major pathway to cell death. The findings, published online January 6, 2022, in the journal Free Radical Biology and Medicine, suggest CBN has the potential for treating age-related neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimer’s.

Peroxynitrite nitration of Tyr 56 in Hsp90 induces PC12 cell death through P2X7R-dependent PTEN activation

 The diffusion-limited reaction of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2-) produces peroxynitrite (ONOO-), a biological oxidant that has been implicated in a number of pathological conditions, including neurodegenerative disorders. We previously reported that incubation of PC12 cells with peroxynitrite triggers apoptosis by simultaneously inhibiting the PI3K/Akt survival pathway, and activating the p38 and JNK MAP kinase pathways.

Traditional East Asian Herbal Medicine Treatment for Alzheimer’s Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a leading progressive neurodegenerative disease worldwide, and its treatment is a challenging clinical problem. This review was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of herbal medicine for AD treatment. The PubMed, CENTRAL, EMBASE, CNKI, OASIS, KTKP, and CiNii databases were searched until June 2020 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on herbal medicine for AD, and a meta-analysis of 57 RCTs was conducted. For cognitive function, herbal medicine significantly improved the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and AD Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-cog) scores compared with conventional medicine. The MMSE scores showed no significant difference between the groups treated with herbal medicine and donepezil; however, herbal medicine significantly lowered the ADAS-cog score. Acori Graminei Rhizoma-containing and Cnidii Rhizoma-containing herbal medicine significantly improved the MMSE and ADAS-cog scores compared with conventional medicine. Ginseng Radix-containing herbal medicine showed a positive, but not statistically significant, tendency toward improving the MMSE score compared with conventional medicine. Herbal medicine with conventional medicine significantly improved the MMSE, ADAS-cog, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores compared with conventional medicine, and herbal medicine with donepezil also significantly improved these scores compared with donepezil. Acori Graminei Rhizoma or Cnidii Rhizoma-containing herbal medicine with conventional medicine significantly improved the MMSE and ADAS-cog scores compared with conventional medicine. Ginseng Radix-containing herbal medicine + conventional medicine significantly improved the MMSE score, but not the ADAS-cog score, compared with conventional medicine. For behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, the Neuropsychiatry Inventory (NPI) score was not significantly different between herbal and conventional medicines. Herbal medicine with conventional medicine significantly improved the NPI and Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer’s Disease Rating Scale scores compared with conventional medicine. The NPI score showed no significant difference between the groups treated with herbal medicine and placebo. Furthermore, herbal medicine with conventional medicine significantly lowered plasma amyloid beta levels compared with conventional medicine alone. Herbal medicine, whether used alone or as an adjuvant, may have beneficial effects on AD treatment. However, owing to the methodological limitations and high heterogeneity of the included studies, concrete conclusions cannot be made.